- CJ 230 Introduction to Homeland Security
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Local preparedness and security management are of primary importance to communities as part of Homeland Security. Jake Cox and Lindsay Frahm present this video of Thomas County Emergency Management with Susan McMahan to show aspects of events towards risk and crisis management.
Safety and security home and abroad are foremost concerns. A close, semester study of the current threats, risks and hazards gives students tools for emergency preparedness and situational awareness. Travel is inevitable with humankind. We strive to make it the best.
Jacob Townsend-What is Homeland Security
Homeland security’s mission according to the DHS is to secure the nation’s borders from the many threats that our country may receive. The main mission of this organization is to develop a plan for national organization in the case of a terrorist attack. After the 9/11 attacks it became crucial for the country to create an organization which its sole purpose was to protect the nation from terrorist threats. Inside the government it is however only a cabinet department, not a branch off of the military as its previous classification was dictated to be a military issue. Under President Bush, this changed because the military was preoccupied with fighting the war against terrorism, which required the new creation of a department which sole duty was the protection of the homeland from terrorist act. The man who was first placed in charge of the organization was former Pennsylvania governor Tom Ridge, he began his under his control the Homeland security department issued a color coded system , that color coded system in particular was for identifying the current terrorist level, which were from bottom to top, low, guarded, elevated, high and severe risk of terrorist threat. When each level, rose it gave authorities new powers such as the ability to freely search vehicles entering the country with the justification of probable cause, if the threat level system is high enough to warrant such searches. Tom Ridge was ridiculed for the confusing nature of this program’s color coded system. Due to the creation of the DHS; other departments were swallowed up, such as the U.S. border patrol, and the U.S. customs office. All of these changes were brought on by the Homeland Security Act of 2002, which as previously stated combined several previously independent departments into one unit clearly establishing the line of command, in the case of a national disaster such as a terrorist attack. Along with the creation of the Homeland Security department, came the National Response Network, which was the program that formed all departments into one unit clearly identifying the chain of command in incidents and being able to adjust to different situations. Another organization that came to be with the formation of the Department of Homeland Security was the cyber-security agency, this division’s sole purpose was and is to protect the nation’s infrastructure from cyber-terrorists, another department prior to 9/11 which was completely unheard of. In conclusion the Department of Homeland security is vital to the nation’s protection and was implemented after the 9/11 attacks to be an organization dedicated to the protection of the nation from outside attacks. With the new homeland security department it was vital to create other new organizations and command structures dedicated to the protection of the United States from all different types of attacks. Along with these new command structures came a new threat level system, which was color codded to easily identify which current threat level the United States was in from day to day. To wrap up all of these points without them our country may be a different place, if not for the new protection levels and new agencies all dedicated to the protection of our homeland from outside resources.
What Homeland security is by odasie wright
The idea of Homeland Security is new to many Americans, and does not always roll easily off the lips. Many have asked about its origins and meaning.
While the idea of looking to friends and then local, state and government agencies for protection takes us back to the earliest days of our nation's history, the idea that we might need defense at home was first raised in its modern context in 1949. A panel of experts completed a review of potential biological weapons and reported to the Secretary of Defense the need for "home defense, involving collaborate efforts of federal, state and private agencies."
The term was next mentioned prominently in 1997. Concerned that the Department of Defense might not be moving fast enough to redesign itself after the Cold War, Congress mandated an internal "Quadrennial Defense Review" of military strategy, forces and priorities, with the first of these to be followed by an independent "National Defense Panel." In 1997 this NDP reported its conclusions, to include a concern that terrorist and other threats to the United States were becoming increasingly likely and potentially more damaging. They recommended more attention to the defense of the homeland - soon to be called "homeland defense."
Over the next several years, additional reviews and commissions came to similar conclusions, and discussion of the issue increased. It soon became clear that the term "Homeland Defense" - conceived initially as actions by the Department of Defense — was not broad enough to capture all the actions required by a variety of government and private actors at multiple levels. Gradually, Homeland Security came to define that boarder set of actions and initiatives. And the whole preexisting set of actions already planned and coordinated to provide support by DOD within the United States in time of natural disasters and law enforcement crises was identified as a separate sub-set of the larger concept of Homeland Security.
According to www.emergencymgmt.com, the definition for “Emergency management is the managerial function charged with creating the framework within which communities reduce vulnerability to hazards and cope with disasters.” Emergency management is very crucial to
have in every county in every state. In an event of an emergency, the emergency managers will be ready to distinguish a plan with other agencies in the city, then they will be ready to attack the situation and attend to any people who are in need of help. Emergency managers also have to set up bases, and camps for people and supplies. There must also be staging areas for responders who are put on hold. There are many titles in emergency management. There are certain people who work as officers, deputies, commanders, chiefs and also volunteers.
All of these divisions serve as a big role in emergency management. Emergency management also deals with ice storms, fires, blizards, terrorists, active shooters, and severe weather such as tornadoes. All emergeneyc managers have to complete online and in class courses throught FEMA, which stands for Federal Emergency Management Agency. These classes teach the basics of emergency management, and also teaches the different brqnches of emergency management. It is important for people who help with emergency managers to take the basic ICS classes. These classes explain how to respond to emergencies at a level as a citizen. It is also important for people who want to help with emergency managers to take CERT trailing. This stands for Community Emergency Responce Training. This will help the emergency managers because the more help the communities in case of a disaster. Many emergency managers encourage cities to have training for emergency management. So everyone can respond in their own way to help others. This is a more affective way to take care of the situation.
In a small town named Colby, located Northeast of Kansas. There is an emergency manager named Autumn Arasmith. Not only does she have to watch after 3,000 people in Colby, but she has to watch out for four other towns. So, she has to manage all of the county, which is named Thomas County. Autumn graduated from Colby Community College with her associated degree in criminal justice. Now, she is currently working in the office with her assistant David Becker. Her primary focus is to always plan ahead and make sure all procedures are ready in case of emergency.
Autumn and David also have to review the counties EOP, which stands for Emergency Operations Plan. This plan explaines all the plans for safety in the county is there is ever a disaster.According to Wikepedia, ‘Emergency planning should aim where possible to prevent emergencies occurring, and when they do occur, good planning should reduce, control or mitigate the effects of the emergency. It is the systematic and ongoing process which should evolve as lessons are learnt and circumstances change’ (Office, 2013).
‘Emergency planning should be viewed as part of a cycle of activities beginning with establishing a risk profile to help determine what should be the priorities for developing plans and ending with review and revision, which then restarts the whole cycle’ (Office, 2013). The cyclical process is common to many risk management disciplines, such as Business Continuity and Security Risk Management
The is always listening to the other agencies in Thomas County over the radio such as police, fire, and EMS. According to www.iom.edu, "timely emergency communications is a very important priority in emergency management." I'm sure Autumn would agree with me. Emergency Management can be a stressful job at times, but it must pay off when everyone goes home safely.